Fine Points on How the Self-Balancing Electric Scooters Actually Work

Fine Points on How the Self-Balancing Electric Scooters Actually Work

The mechanism behind the self-balancing electric scooters is quite amazing and the self-coordination of the board is quite intriguing. Behind the parts of the board there is advanced technology that makes it able to self-balance.
The wheels for instance have electric motors which have a tilt and speed sensor. This are used to detect the revolutions per minute (RPMS) of each wheel, and guides the gyroscope and speed control boards, which are found inside the main body next to the wheels. When the gyroscope and speed control boards receive the RPMS and tilt information from the sensor in the wheels, they in turn, send it to the main logic board. When a rider calibrates their board, the gyroscopes essentially receives the message that the surface they’re riding on is flat, hence the gadget tilt is at zero.

The logic board acts the brain of your self-balancing electric scooter, and it’s where the processor calculates in real time the position of the board. That is the speed at which the rider is travelling and the comparative speed and tilt of each wheel. For instance, when the rider turns, both wheels have opposite tilts, and therefore opposite rpms and motion. The logic board also controls the power management of the scooter, and whether the device is on “beginner mode” which limits its maximum speed or if the scooter is “locked”.

What keeps the self-balancing electric scooter is most certainly the battery pack which depending on the manufacturer is a 36V x 4400mAH lithium battery. However, the pressure pads which sit on two switches could possibly be the most imaginative part of the self-balancing electric scooter. They work in such an amazing way since when the rider leans forward, causing the front switch to push downwards, and a little plastic barrier slides in the middle of an infrared LED and an infrared sensor. Providing the sensor detects the light, then the logic board will send a message to the motors to be still. But if the light is interrupted (like when the switch is pushed down by the riders weight), the board sends a message to the motor to turn in a specific direction.

This is why when you’re turning left, the foot triggers the front right switch, causing the right wheel to move forward, and vice versa. The tilt sensors in the wheels also communicate to the gyroscopes on how far forward the rider is leaning and the gyroscopes transmit this information to the logic board. Meaning that the more you’re leaning forward, the faster the logic board communicates to the motors to turn. It’s quite simple but a very intelligent mechanism which allows the rider to control the speed of their self-balancing electric scooter with their weight.

Now that you know how they work, check out which self-balancing electric scooter is the best to buy by going through our catalogue at or visit our social media pages to see what we have in store for you and your loved ones. There’s one for everyone!

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